WHO Urges Indonesia
to Ratify FCTC
an inter-ministerial meeting on WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control. (FCTC) held in Indonesia,
1 April 2014, WHO Director General, Dr Margaret Chanasked Indonesian high officials to support the
accession of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
has been ratified by 178 parties, representing 90% of global population,
as the convention implement specific measures to reduce tobacco use and
protect populations from associated deaths and early deaths. Tobacco
industry must not be allowed to handcuff any government from implementing
meeting was held by Indonesia’s
Coordinating Ministry of People’s Welfare, to discuss about the accession
of WHO FCTC. Chaired by the
Minister of Health, Dr Nafsiah Mboi, Sp.A, MPH,the meeting was attended
by representatives of ministries. Among the officials are those from the
Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of
Industry, Ministry of Labour and
Transmigration, Ministry of Child and Women’s Protection, Ministry of
Social Welfare, and Ministry of Youth and Sports.
her video remarks, Dr Chan also acknowledged the leadership of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in the UN High Level Panel of Eminent
Persons in 2012 which put noncommunicable
diseases as one of the new development challenges. Countries implementing FCTC see almost
immediate double-digit drops in the number of heart attacks, strokes,
respiratory disorders and tobacco-related cancers.
of the adverse economic effects like lost revenues or jobs predicted in
their (tobacco industry) arguments has actually been documented in any of
the large number of countries that parties to the FCTC,” said Dr Chan.
meeting also gave an opportunity to WHO Regional Director for South East
Asia Region, Dr Poonam Khetrapal
Singh, to share her messages. “The WHO FCTC was developed to protect
health, not restrict trade. Countries implementing it need not see a
change in their trade portfolio.” FCTC is broadly compatible with other
international obligations, including those related to trade. Countries
with long history of tobacco culture like Turkey,
Brazil and India
have ratified FCTC and seen decrease prevalence in related diseases.
provide some references, also attending the meeting are Dr Douglas Bettcher, WHO Director of Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases from Geneva
and Professor Prakit Vathesatogkit,
tobacco prevention and control expert from Thailand.
his presentation, Dr Douglas Bettcher showed
how ratifying FCTC benefits country’s public health while creating less
dramatic impact on tobacco industry. Eight of the ten largest producers
of tobacco are Parties to the WHO FCTC.
The tobacco companies have a history of hyper-inflating the
numbers of their employees and presenting overwhelming numbers suggesting
a catastrophic scenario of job losses if tobacco control measures are
taken. On the contrary, no immediate impact on tobacco agriculture or
jobs loses has been observed in any of these countries.
experiences after ratifying FCTC.as presented
by Prof Vathesatogkit, showed that ratifying FCTC does not change the
number of smokers in 20 years, or the number of tobacco farmers. Instead,
it decreases health issues affecting women and children due to exposures
to tobacco smoke. Thailand
has managed to increase tobacco tax to 77% of the selling price of the
cigarette and use the revenue to support health promotion including
For more information please
Ms Nursila Dewi, Communication
WHO Country Office for Indonesia, Jakarta.
Tel: 021-520 4349, facs: 021-520 1164,
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OFFICE OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COUNTRY OFFICE FOR INDONESIA